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“An Analysis Code Switching and Code Mixing Used in Song Lyrics Soundtrack Album of Goblin Korean D


CHAPTER I

INTRODUCTION

  • Background of the study

People usually used the language to communicate each other. When they communicate, sometimes people use one or more language in the same situation. The using two languages or more in the same situation known call bilingual communication. Harners and Blanc define bilingualism as the state of linguistic community in which two languages are in contact with the result that codes can be used in the same interaction and that a number of individualis are bilinguals (1987: 6). As the result, Bilingual and multilingual of discourse in social communication can be code switching and code mixing often occur. According Poplack (2001) code switching is a term of linguistic where an utterance is mixed by bilingual or multilingual language of two or more language in discourse without changing the interlocutor or topic. Code switching defined as the alteration of two or more languages in discourse, or change languages without change the topic and situation in word, phrase, or sentences while, code mixing is the change languages without change the topic and the situation in word or phrase in the sentences.

Code switching and code mixing in social community has been take place around the worlds. Code switching and code mixing is important to communicate in society and the cognitive functions. It is focus on spoken context but few on its written production. The classification types of the code switching and code mixing based on Hoffman (1991, 112) and Crystal (2008:83) consist of: 1) Inter-sentential switching, 2) Emblematic switching/ Tag switching, 3) Intra-sentential mixing, 4) Intra-lexical code mixing, 5) Involving a change of pronunciation. Besides, code switching and code mixing has functions that to determine the meaning of sentences. Gumperz (1982), asserted that code switching or code mixing is used as a conversational strategy to express the social meanings, namely quotation, addressee specification, interjection, reiteration, message qualification, and personalization versus objectivisation. Besides Gumperz, the researcher Zentella’s (1997) given four of conversational functions of code switching, namely clarification, emphasis, checking, and indicating emotions.

Code switching and code mixing brings contribution of sociolinguistic setting that becomes phenomena that often observed. Additionally, the uses of code switching and code mixing not only occur in one country but almost country use it. There are many functions of the using code switching and code mixing in informal and formal style of conversation among people who to share their feelings and also educational, ethnic, culture, and social background. Although, people avoid the formal style conversations because, they have different background like social status, language loyalty, and absolutely formally. The occurrences of Code switching or code mixing happened in class room, movies, novels and also song lyrics.

Every time and everywhere music always exists. People cannot separate from the music. Almost everyday people directly or not music accompany the daily activity and people can hear enjoy the good music on the tape recorder, radio, MP3 players, CD players, and through other medias. Music is one of braches of entertainment elements that loved from child until adults. This, because music can express the feeling of song and actually music also make the listener more relax after hear it. Song is one type of discourse. The song is the oral discourse while, the lyrics as the part written discourse. This, the lyrics song have a text form. By listening the songs people can be understand the meaning and the themes of songs. Indonesian songs grow rapidly but not only in Indonesia, music had develop in whole the world include in South Korea also. This study will be analyzed about the code switching and code mixing in Original Soundtrack full album of Korean Drama Goblin: the lonely and great God.

Goblin is the most popular Korean drama in 2016. The Korean drama that was first displayed by TVN channel and created by the scriptwriter Kim Eun Sook. According Korean Nielsen research January, 12th 2017 Goblin had high rating 20.5 % as Korean Drama from television cable that success in 2017. Goblin not only success about the story but also the drama supported songs that given of popular singer. Goblin has release 16 songs consist of Korean singer and non Korean singer such as Heize and Lasse Lindh. The soundtrack album used to support the success of the drama. As a proven the song Round and round become controversy rather than other songs. Besides, the song lyrics of Korean drama Goblin has code switching and code mixing that probably can be analyzed.

The 16 songs that support the Korean drama Goblin, They are: Stay With Me (Chanyeol EXO feat Punch), My Eyes (10 cm), Hush (Lasse Lindh), Beautiful (Crush), You Are So Beautiful (Eddy Kim), Who Are You (Sam Kim), I Miss You (SOYOU), First Snow (Jung Joon Il), I Will Go To You Like The First Snow (Ailee), Wish (Urban Zakapa), And I’m Here (Kim Kyung Hee), Winter Is Coming (Han Soo Ji), Stuck In Love (Kim Kyung Hee), Heaven (Roy Kim feat Kim EZ), Love (MAMAMOO), and Round And Round (Heize feat Han Soo Ji).

The phenomena of code switching and code mixing often occur in daily life. It can happen in school especially in the class room. Besides in novel, movies even in song lyrics the phenomena code switching and code mixing can happen. Code switching or code mixing became habits in everything activities including in song lyrics, it can found the elements of code switching and code mixing. The example of the existence of code switching and code mixing is in a sentence of song lyrics in Original soundtrack of album of Korean drama Goblin. In a part of lyrics song some people probably hear:

(Love by MAMAMOO soundtrack of Goblin).

Love 달빛 내린 밤도 날 복잡하네 만드네

Love dalbit naerin bamdo nal bokjaphane mandeune

You you you if you still awake 어떤 생각하는지

You you you if you still awake eotteon saenggakhaneunji

You you you if you feel alone 나와 똑같은 기분

You you you if you feel alone nawa ttokgateun gibun

English Translation:

Love even the moonlit night makes me feel complicated

You you you if you still awake

What are you thinking? You you you if you feel alone

Do you feel the same?

From the table above, in the first lyrics can be identified such as it has types intra-sentential mixing and also it has the functions as indicating message/ express the message. Meanwhile, in the second and third line, the song lyrics identified these as types inter-sentential switching and the functions as reiteration or repeat the word for the clarification. In the part of lyrics above consist of two languages such as English and then Korean language. A part of Korean language in the song lyrics can proof that the phenomena code switching and code mixing exist.

Nowadays a lot of movies to drama series especially Korean drama often mix the song lyrics use English word as lyrics through as the titles. They use mix the lyrics song with English because they want to interest the listener and fans of non Korean attention and absolutely to popularize their songs abroad. There some of the study that have done research about the code switching and code mixing in various phenomena. First research of indra kurniati student from State Islamic University Syarif Hidayatullah (2014), about a sociolinguistic analysis of code mixing on Nine Summer Ten Autumns novel by Iwan Setiawan. Another research there is research Ridwan Nova Ria (2016) from the State Islamic University Sunan Kalijaga about code switching and code mixing in the lyrics of Bondan Prakoso feat Fade 2 Black’s songs. The study analysis about how the code switching and code mixing can be happen and the reasons of the songs used in the Bondan Prakoso feat Fade 2 Black’s lyrics songs.

From these cases, the study will be analyzing about the types of code switching and code mixing in the song lyrics of album original soundtrack Goblin Korean drama. The functions Code switching and code mixing used in song lyrics in Goblin Korean drama, and the impacts of Goblin’s song lyrics to hearer response. To know about that and how code switching and code mixing is used in the song lyrics of Goblin’s soundtrack album, this study will be attempt the analyzes about the code switch- mixing entitled “An Analysis Code Switching and Code Mixing Used in Song Lyrics Soundtrack Album of Goblin Korean Drama.”

  • Identification of Problems

Based on the background of the study, the problems can be identified as follows:

  1. Many people do not aware the functions of code switching and code mixing especially in Korean song lyrics.

  2. A lot movie to drama series especially Korean drama often mix the song lyrics use English word as the lyrics through as the titles.

  3. People misunderstanding when the title use English word but the content not always used the same language especially in Korean song lyrics.

  4. The use of mix the Korean song lyrics with English word give an impact to listener.

  • Problem Statement

Related to the background of study above, the questions of the problem in this study are:

  1. What are the types of code switching and code mixing used in song lyrics soundtrack album of Goblin Korean drama?

  2. What are the functions of code switching and code mixing used in song lyrics soundtrack album of Goblin Korean drama?

  3. How are the impacts to hearer of code switching and code mixing used in song lyrics soundtrack album of Goblin Korean drama?

  • Problem Limitation

Based on the background of the problem statement above, this study will be analyze the types and functions of code switching and code mixing used in song lyrics soundtrack album of Goblin Korean drama.

  • Research Objectives

The purposes of the study on code switching and code mixing used in the song lyrics soundtrack album of Goblin Korean drama are:

  1. To describe of the type code switching and code mixing that are found in the song lyrics soundtrack album of Goblin Korean drama.

  2. To describe of the functions code switching and code mixing that are found in the song lyrics soundtrack album of Goblin Korean drama.

  3. To explain the impacts to hearer after they are know the type and the functions of code switching and code mixing that found in the song lyrics soundtrack album of Goblin Korean drama.

  • Benefits of the Study

  • Theoretically

This study is aims to give knowledge on code switching and code mixing, especially the types of code switching and code mixing in the song lyrics. Meanwhile, it can be used to help more understanding the functions of message in song lyrics. Based on this study, it can give the reader the information and impact about how the form of type and functions code switching or mixing can be built the meaning or message.

This study can be expected and explore the writer’s knowledge to understand the types code switching and code mixing, especially it used in song lyrics. It will be give valuable experiences.

This study, give information and understanding the knowledge about the code switching and code mixing in song lyrics to readers. Besides, the reader can know the types code switching and mixing in song lyrics and they are understand the functions of meaning or message from the song lyrics.

  • The Definition of Key Term

For understand this study, it is provided the several definition of key term.

  1. is the study to analyze and separate something into a part.

  2. Code Switching defined as the alteration of two or more languages in discourse, or change languages without change the topic and situation.

  3. Code Mixing is the change languages without change the topic and the situation in word or phrase in the sentences.

  4. Song Lyrics a part of poem that it usually expressed the feeling of meaning or message.

  5. Soundtrack Album of Goblin Korean drama, Goblin is popular Korean drama in 2016. This drama created by the scriptwriter Kim Eun Sook. According Nielsen research, goblin decided as the Korean drama that get the high rating based on television cable in 2017. Goblin had release 16 songs to support the success of this Korean drama.


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