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SPEECH ACTS ON MAHER ZAIN’S SONG ON ALBUM : ONE by: Ihda Luluk Muzaro'ah (143211011)


SPEECH ACTS ON MAHER ZAIN’S SONG ON ALBUM : ONE

CHAPTER I

INTRODUCTION

  • Background Statement

People interaction and communication with others by using language. Every people use language to express their thought, ideas, and feelings. Language helps people to have interaction and communication with others, so they easy to tell and describe what they think and feel. Kreider (1983) said that people use language for many purposes. People tell others what they know or think they know, their feelings, ask questions, make requests, protest, criticize, insult, apologize, promise, thanks, say hello and goodbye. Language seem to have as many different functions as there are occasions for using language.

Language cannot be separated from our life. Language is the way to express feeling, ideas, experiences and knowledge. According to Edward Sapir (1921), “language is a purely human and non-instinctive method of communicating ideas, emotions and desires by means of voluntarily produced symbols”. Language was not only important to our life, but also to our daily activities, because without communication we will not be able to interaction. Language is connected with linguistic, because linguistic is the study of language. There are some scopes of linguistic, they are pragmatic, morphology, phonology, syntax etc. This research will focus on pragmatic. Pragmatic is the study of what speaker mean. And There are some scopes of, they are speech act, politeness, discourse, deixis etc. . This research will focus on speech act.

1

Speech act is the interest study of pragmatic. And seems relevant in language teaching and language learning. Speech act is the action or intent that a speaker accomplishes when using language in context, the meaning of which is inferred by hearer. Austin (1962) defined speech act theory says that the action performed in saying something. Speech act theory says that the action performed when an utterance is produced can be analysis on the three different levels. There are, locutionary act, illocutionary act, and perlocutionary act. Locutionary act is the basic of utterance, of producing meaningful linguistic expression. Illocutionary act is performed via the communicative force of an utterance. And perlocutionary act is performed with the intention of producing a further effect. Speech act conveniently classified by their illocutionary type, such as asserting, requesting, promising, and apologizing. These different types may in turn be distinguished by the type of attitude the speaker expresses. Corresponding to each such attitude is a certain attitude on the part of the hearer (getting the hearer to form this correlative attitude to the success perlocutionary act).

Yule (1996) defined one general classification system lists five types of general function performed by speech act:declaration, representative, expressive, directive, and commisive.Declarations are those kind of speech act that change the world via their utterance.Representatives are those kinds of speech acts that state what the speaker believes to be the case or not. Such as statement of fact, assertions, conclusions and descriptions. Expressivesare those kinds of speech acts that state what the speaker feels. People express psycological states and can be statements of pleasure, pain, likes, dislike, joy, or sorrow.Directives are those kinds of speech acts that state what the speaker use to get someone else do something.People express what the speaker intends. Such as commands, orders, requests, and suggestions.Commisives are those kinds of speech acts that state what the speaker use to commit themselves to some future action. Such as promises, threats, refusals, and pledges.

Song is a part of literature. People like for listening music for spending their time. Each kind of music represents its styles and character that make people have different interest in listening. Song lyric is like poem but it is served in song form. Lyric which is written by author has destination that will be delivered to audience. Song contains system and good diction. Song is created the author based on their experience, tell about someone or another. Every song has meaning such as Maher Zain’s songs, average of his song is about religion that show to Alloh or Prophet Muhammad SAW. His song within pleasure, requests, likes, promises, etc.

Example:

"Close To You"

I’m sitting here on this mountain I'm thinking about Your creation It's so beautiful out here A symphony of nature Oh oh, it's taking my breath away I’m so blessed out here today [Chorus:] Allahu, Allah, Allah, Allah, Allah I see the sun, the stars, the moon I join them all in praising You Allahu, Allah, Allah, Allah, Allah I feel alive and I feel so good I feel so close, so close to You

Regarding of the phenomena, it can be seen that speech act is usually used in Maher Zain song lyrics. Maher Zain tells about how is the creator (Alloh) so wonderful, He is so pleasure. He saysI’m thinking about Your creation it so beautiful out here , I join them all in praising. From the sentences seems that type of speech act used by Maher Zain is dominant inExpressives, because he feel happy, like, and proud to Alloh. That is the reason that the researcher investigated thedominant speech act that occur in Maher Zain’s song lyrics.This study aims to approach the speech acts in Maher Zain’s song lyrics. It is seen from the functions, the sentences, and the words. So when people sing Maher Zain’s songs they know what is contain of Maher Zain’s songs. Yule’s speech act theory was used in order to get further explanation about it.Maher Zain is the singer and songwriter, he is the new star of modern Islamic music with his meaningful songs that aim to inspire message of peace and hope to the world.

For that reason, the study wants to analysis and classify speech act in Maher Zain’s songs entitled “An Analysis of Speech Act Used in Maher Zain’ssong lyrics in album : One ”

  • Identification of Problem

Based on the background of the study, the study identified some problem:

  1. The function of speech act use especially song lyric.

  2. The dominant of speech act use

  3. Maher Zain song lyric give impact to the listener.

  • Problem Statement

According to the background statement, the problem statement are:

  1. What are form of speech act used in Maher Zain’s song lyricsalbum: One?

  2. What are function of speech act used in Maher Zain’s song lyrics album: One?

  3. What are dominant of speech act used in Maher Zain’s song lyrics is album: One?

  4. How are speech act occur in Maher Zain’s song lyrics album: One?

  • Problem Limitation

Based on the background of study above, the study will be analyze the function and the dominant of speech act

  • Research Objectives

According to the research problem above, the researcher has the following objectives:

  1. To describe the form of speech act used in Maher Zain’s song lyrics album: One

  2. To explain the function of speech act used in Maher Zain’s song lyrics album: One

  3. To explain the dominant of speech act used in Maher Zain’s song lyrics album: One

  4. To explain speech act occur in Maher Zain’s song lyrics album: One

  • of the Study

  1. Theoretical Benefit

This study gives some contribution as additional information and references for those who want to conduct a research in linguistic study, especially in speech act theory.

  1. Practical Benefit

This studyhelps the reader to understand and increase about speech act theory.

  • Definition of the Key Term

  1. Speech Act is the action performed via utterances, commonly gives more specific labels, such as apology, compliment, invitation, promise or request. (Pragmatic, Yule).

  2. Maher Zain is the singer and songwriter, he is the new star of modern Islamic music with his meaningful songs that aim to inspire message of peace and hope to the world. He was born at 16th March 1981 in Tripoli, Lebanon.

  3. is music unit that consist of tone arrangement consecutively. Song lyric is formed from language which is produced by communication between song author’s to song lovers.

  4. Song lyric are words that make up a song usually consist of verse and chorus.


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